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Selective Growth and Robust Valley Polarization of Bilayer 3R‑MoS2

Authors
Ullah F.Lee J.-H.Tahir Z.Samad A.Le C.T.Kim J.Kim D.Rashid M.U.이솔KWANPYO KIMCheong H.Jang J.I.Seong M.-J.Kim Y.S.
Issue Date
8-Dec-2021
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Keywords
chemical vapor deposition; transition-metal dichalcogenides; valleytronics; 3R-MoS2; intervalley scattering
Citation
ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.13, no.48, pp.57,588 - 57,596
Journal Title
ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES
Volume
13
Number
48
Start Page
57,588
End Page
57,596
URI
https://yscholarhub.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/2021.sw.yonsei/6282
DOI
10.1021/acsami.1c16889
ISSN
1944-8244
Abstract
Noncentrosymmetric transition-metal dichalcogenides, particularly their 3R polymorphs, provide a robust setting for valleytronics. Here, we report on the selective growth of monolayers and bilayers of MoS2, which were acquired from two closely but differently oriented substrates in a chemical vapor deposition reactor. It turns out that as-grown bilayers are predominantly 3R-type, not more common 2H-type, as verified by microscopic and spectroscopic characterization. As expected, the 3R bilayer showed a significantly higher valley polarization compared with the centrosymmetric 2H bilayer, which undergoes efficient interlayer scattering across contrasting valleys because of their vertical alignment of the K and K′ points in momentum space. Interestingly, the 3R bilayer showed even higher valley polarization compared with the monolayer counterpart. Moreover, the 3R bilayer reasonably maintained its valley efficiency over a very wide range of excitation power density from ∼0.16 kW/cm2 to ∼0.16 MW/cm2 at both low and room temperatures. These observations are rather surprising because valley dephasing could be more efficient in the bilayer via both interlayer and intralayer scatterings, whereas only intralayer scattering is allowed in the monolayer. The improved valley polarization of the 3R bilayer can be attributed to its indirect-gap nature, where valley-polarized excitons can relax into the valley-insensitive band edge, which otherwise scatter into the contrasting valley to effectively cancel out the initial valley polarization. Our results provide a facile route for the growth of 3R-MoS2 bilayers that could be utilized as a platform for advancing valleytronics.
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